Best known for his work to end the apartheid state of affairs of his home country of South Africa, Nelson Mandela is a political icon of the last century that captivated the world. While a strong believer in the practices of Mahatma Gandhi, he shifted to a more direct form of struggle once he found that the pacifistic nature of his political hero did not produce results in a timely manner. For his political resistance and upsets he spent a total of twenty-seven years in prison, with many other minor arrest preceding this lengthy sentence. However his sixty-seven yearlong political career and many brushes with the law proved fruitful for in 1994 the apartheid system of his country was removed and South Africa held the first multiracial elections in the country's history. Due to his hard work and popularity Mandela was also South Africa’s first elected president alongside being the first black president of the country.
Malala Yousafzai July 12, 1997 to Present
The youngest person in history to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, Malala Yousafzai is a woman’s right activist from Pakistan who through an anonymous blog expressed her animosity towards the sexist traditions of organizations that prevented women and girls from receiving an education as men and boys were allowed. She was aware of this issue at the young age of eleven and from there she grew in popularity. For her actions the Taliban (the main focus of her scorn) targeted her in a failed assassination attempt that caused her to redouble her efforts for social change in her home country and for all women who are denied an education.
Peace Pilgrim (Mildred Lisette Norman) July 18, 1908 - July 7, 1981
Peace Pilgrim was an orator for peace and love, and most famous for her six completed cross country journeys across the United States, passing away while on her seventh in 1981. While she had no formal backing she had come of age during the first major conflict of the 20th century and had lived through many more such conflicts and made it her life mission to pilgrimage across the United States until “men knew peace.” Her method of operation was that of the peaceful nomad who would discuss the ideals of peace to whomever she may have come across. She adopted the name Peace Pilgrim in 1953 to aid her in spreading her message of peace. She was a rather popular figure in the United States during her solo campaign and after her death, to this day the organization known as “Friends of Peace Pilgrim” maintain a website answering any question about her extraordinary life.
A feminist and suffragette form the United Kingdom, Fawcett was a founder of the biggest suffragette organization known as National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS). Her philosophy was non-violent and her work ethic was a key to her success. Fawcett advocated for the right to vote for all women worldwide, but for women to be educated and treated fairly in the workplace. It is her writings and speeches that have made her world famous, in which argued for the rights deserved by herself and all women.
Charles Perkins June 16, 1936 - October 18, 2000
An aboriginal from Australia, Perkins lived through a time where people of the aboriginal lineage could not move around the country freely. This blatant discrimination left Perkins with a bitter resolve and used his fame as a football player (soccer) to achieve civil rights for aboriginals. He served as a leading member of what was called the “Freedom Ride” that lead to amendments to the Australian Constitution and placed aboriginals on the census. However, Perkins kept his disdain for white Australians that kept to their racist tendencies. With that in mind he is well renowned for his work even after his death.
Jeannette Rankin June 11, 1880 - May 18, 1973
The first woman to be elected to the United States Congress, she started from the bottom of the political barrel to one of the highest position of power that any woman in the United States had achieved during her time. She began her political career as a social worker aid, from there became a lobbyist for the suffragette movement in the United States, and in 1916 was elected to the House of Representatives. While her career in congress was filled with ridiculed for her pacifistic nature she was a source of inspiration for women to strive for higher political power.
The opposite of a rags to riches story Henry Dunant was the founder of The International Red Cross an organization set up in the hopes of providing medical access and humanitarian aid. For much of his life Dunant spent his time in a hospice in a small village with in his home of Switzerland. He was born into a noble house, but had decided to live a life surviving his fellow man. While he was not too successful in his private business dealings he was still dedicated to aiding those who needed help. Much of his work was also focused on aiding wounded soldiers. In 1901 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize alongside of Frederic Passy.
Anna Jameson May 19, 1794 - March 17, 1860
Anna Jameson was an author and woman’s rights activist from England. She is most famous for her travel memoirs that told of her experiences in a romantic fashion. She was an eloquent writer and was able to immerse herself with the culture that she had traveled too. Much of the world that she had seen was due to the fact of her early career as a governess, her position as a caretaker for children allowed her to see the world more freely. With that in mind she used her knowledge and experiences gained to give lectures on the need to give women an equal opportunity in both education and the workplace.
Frederic Passy May 20, 1822 - June 12, 1912
Frederic Passy alongside Henry Dunant won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1901. Passy is best known for his university lectures and several essays that he had written for the advancement of free trade in. The university he was known for lecturing at was the University of Montpellier. However, Passy earned his Nobel Prize as an advocate for peace. He wrote several essays on the topic of peace and much of his work was widely recognized in his time. One such example would be the Historique du mouvement de la paix (1905). Defined as the history of the peace movement is a rather lengthy essay on how the world wide peace movement was formed. It was an argument for peace on a worldwide scale and how the movement was going about accomplishing it.