A singer from South Africa who had dedicated her life to aiding her fellow Africans who had lived under the oppression of white colonialist who had settled in the country during the colonial era. She used her fame and talent to gain more traction in speaking out against White Supremacy that was all too prevalent in her country. In the ‘70s she was named the UN’s Goodwill Ambassador. While of course she is well known for her work as an activist she is best known for her art and bringing African styled music to the attention of western audiences.
Cesar Chavez March 31, 1922 - April 23, 1993
One of the most famous political activist of the twentieth century, Cesar Chavez is best known for securing the rights of farmers who for the longest time had not been paid proper dues and who had been housed in conditions familiar to a serfdom. He was successful in his work because he had seen the inequality of the migrant farmer from his own perspective and was able to rally supporters through means of peaceful protests. An avid speaker against the Bracero Program that he saw as harmful to the rights of American migrant farmers. His work forced growers to make a number of concessions to their workforce.
Virginia Minor March 27, 1824 - August 14, 1894
A founder of the Women's Suffrage Association of Missouri (1867), which was the first organization for the enfranchisement of women in the world. She was also elected its first president in May of that same year. While the association had done many great things throughout its founding it was Minor’s legal case that brought her to national glory and historic fame. The case of Minor VS. Happersett gained so much national attention that the case went all the way to the top of the judicial pyramid. While the case was ultimately a defeat for the Suffragettes it laid the groundwork for future legal and political battles.
W. E. B. Du Bois February 23, 1868 - August 27, 1963
W.E.B. Du Bois was an American sociologist and civil rights activist who rose to prominence as the leader of the Niagara Movement. He also co-founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909. He was the first African-American to obtain a doctorate degree, and was the first to ever record a scientific study based on the African American community. He later became the leader of the Niagara movement, campaigning for equal rights for African Americans.
Victor Hugo February 26, 1802 - May 22, 1885
Victor Hugo was a renowned poet, novelist and playwright of the Romantic Movement in 19th century France. He is considered by many as one of the greatest and best-known French authors of all times. He was also a political statesman and human rights activist, although he is primarily remembered for his literary creations like poetry and novels. He was the foremost supporter of the Romantic Movement in France and campaigned for social causes like the abolition of capital punishment. He also helped to establish the Third Republican and democracy in France.
Frederick Douglass February 1, 1818 - February 20, 1895
Frederick Douglass broke away from the shackles of slavery to become one of the leaders of the abolitionist movement in 19th century U.S. He strongly believed in the principle of equality and was of the view that all human beings, irrespective of race, gender, and nationality, are created equal. He became involved with the American Anti-Slavery Society and published his autobiography which became a bestseller. He extensively toured Europe and published some abolitionist newspapers. He campaigned in favor of the black’s and women’s right to vote, and eloquently defended his stance at various conventions.